1744 - 1818
Phryne was a 4th century BC Greek courtesan whose real name was Mnesarete. It is believed that she received the nickname Phryne, the ancient greek word for toad, because of her pale complexion.
1767 - 1848
John Quincy Adams was the 6th president of the United States, serving from 1825 to 1829. Born in Braintree, Massachusetts, he was the son of John Adams, the 2nd president of the United States, and Abigail Adams. A multilingual, Harvard-educated attorney, diplomat, and legislator, John Quincy Adams served as US minister to the Netherlands and Prussia before being elected to the Massachusetts State and then the US Senate in 1803, serving until 1808.
1773 - 1846
A copperplate and wood engraver, miniaturist, caricaturist, profilist, and designer, James Akin worked primarily in Philadelphia, but also in Salem and Newburyport, MA. He created numerous political cartoons of the American early republic.
1845 - 1894
Marcus Antonius or Mark Antony was born circa 83 BCE and died August 30 BCE in Alexandria, Egypt. He was a Roman general and triumvir. The political cartoon “The Man that Blocks up the Highway” mentions Mark Antony and his role in the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire.
1829 - 1886
Chester Alan Arthur was a United States Vice President and President. He was born on October 5, 1829 in Fairfield, Vermont. He taught secondary school and later became a lawyer in New York City. In 1871 President Ulysses S. Grant appointed Arthur to serve as Collector of the New York Customhouse. In 1878 President Rutherford B. Hayes sought to reform the party and to end the practice of political patronage and so, he fired Arthur and accused the Customhouse of political corruption and patronage.
1837 - 1914
Joseph E. Baker was a lithographer and cartoonist, perhaps best known for his 1860 portrait of Abraham Lincoln drawn after his nomination as the Republican presidential candidate. Baker was born in about 1837 in Bangor, Maine, and moved to Boston by 1857, where he apprenticed at John H. Bufford’s lithographic firm. He became Bufford’s principal illustrator of sheet music. During the Civil War, Baker drew many political cartoons, primarily of the war itself.
1866 - 1930
William Barnes, Jr. was a prominent New York politician and political boss. He was born in Albany, New York on November 17, 1886. He was a newspaper editor and the founder of the Albany Evening Journal. Barnes served as the New York Republican State Chair from 1911 to 1914 and the US Surveyor of Customs from 1899 to 1911. In 1914 he sued Theodore Roosevelt for libel and lost. He died in New York on June 25, 1930.
1828 - 1898
Thomas Francis Bayard was born on October 29, 1828 in Wilmington, Delaware and was a diplomat and lawyer. From 1863-1864 he served as the US attorney for Delaware. In 1865 he represented Delaware in the US Senate, and then left his post in 1885 to become the Secretary of State during Grover Cleveland’s first administration. During Cleveland’s second administration, Bayard was appointed Ambassador of Great Britain. He died in Massachusetts on September 28, 1898.
1775 - 1836
1796 - 1869
John Bell was a US Representative and Senator from Tennessee. Born near Nashville, Tennessee, in 1796, he worked as a lawyer in Franklin, Tennessee, and served as a member of the Tennessee State Senate before being elected to the US House of Representatives in 1827. He served seven terms in the House (1827-1841), during which time he served one term as Speaker of the House (1833-1835) and chaired the Committee on Indian Affairs and Committee on the Judiciary.
1828-04-18 - 1888-06-29
Frank Bellew was an illustrator and caricaturist who has been credited with the first graphic representation of "Uncle Sam" in the March 13, 1852, issue of the New York Lantern.
1841 - 1918
1869 - 1949
1786 - 1844
Nicholas Biddle was born in 1786 to a prominent Philadelphia. A child prodigy, Nicholas enrolled at the University of Pennsylvania at age 10 and completed his studies there by age 13—he was ineligible to receive a degree, however, due to his young age. He subsequently enrolled at Princeton, graduating as valedictorian at age 15, and began a law career. In 1804, Biddle traveled to Europe as the secretary to US Minister to France John Armstrong and later served as secretary to James Monroe in England.
1830 - 1893
James Gillespie Blaine was born on January 31, 1830 in West Brownsville, Pennsylvania. He served as Secretary of State during the Benjamin Harrison and James A. Garfield Administrations and was the 31st Speaker of the US House of Representatives. Blaine graduated from Washington College in 1847 and worked as a newspaper editor. In 1859 he was elected to serve in the Maine House of Representatives and later, in 1862, successfully ran for the US Congress. In 1880 he lost the Republican Presidential nomination to James A.
1821 - 1875
Francis Preston Blair Jr. was a US Representative and later Senator from Missouri and an officer in the Union Army, rising to the rank of major general and becoming corps commander under General Sherman. In 1868, Blair, a Democrat, ran for vice-president alongside presidential candidate Horatio Seymour. They lost the presidential contest to Ulysses S.
1803 - 1873
Napoleon III or Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte was born on April 20, 1808 in Paris and was the nephew of Napoleon I.
He was elected president of the French Republic and served from 1848 to 1852. Because the constitution did not allow him to run for a second term, he carried out a coup d'état in 1851 and successfully seized power. He became the Emperor of the Second French Empire and reigned until 1870 when he was forced into exile. He died on January 9, 1873 in England.
1769 - 1821