Preserving American Freedom

The Evolution of American Liberties in Fifty Documents

Section 5

Labor, Suffrage, and Citizenship in an Age of Industry

As emancipation, increased immigration, and industrialization changed America's demographics and landscape, laborers and employers as well as new immigrants and "native" Americans negotiated shifting relationships of power, equality, and opportunity. Documents in this section, headed by a contextual essay by Walter Licht, include a handwritten note from Susan B. Anthony, reports and cartoons on Chinese and European immigration, and letters from a suffragist protesting for the women's vote in the 1910s and '20s.